Out of date: This is not the most recent version of this page. Please see the most recent version

AnalogIn

Use the AnalogIn class to read an external voltage applied to an analog input pin.

Tips:

API

Public Member Functions

 AnalogIn (PinName pin)
float read ()
unsigned short read_u16 ()
 operator float ()

Hello World!

 


/* mbed Example Program
 * Copyright (c) 2006-2014 ARM Limited
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
 
#include "mbed.h"

// Initialize a pins to perform analog input and digital output fucntions
AnalogIn   ain(A0);
DigitalOut dout(LED1);

int main(void)
{
    while (1) {
        // test the voltage on the initialized analog pin
        //  and if greater than 0.3 * VCC set the digital pin
        //  to a logic 1 otherwise a logic 0
        if(ain > 0.3f) {
            dout = 1;
        } else {
            dout = 0;
        }
        
        // print the percentage and 16 bit normalized values
        printf("percentage: %3.3f%%\n", ain.read()*100.0f);
        printf("normalized: 0x%04X \n", ain.read_u16());
        wait(0.2f);
    }
}

Examples

Example one

Control an R/C servo with analog input.

 


#include "mbed.h"

AnalogIn position(A0);
PwmOut servo(D3);

int main() {
    // servo requires a 20ms period    
    servo.period(0.020f);
    while (1) {
        // servo position determined by a pulse width between 1-2ms
        servo.pulsewidth(0.001f + 0.001f * position);
    }
}

Example two

This example shows AnalogIn reading 16-bit normalized samples.

 


#include "mbed.h"

AnalogIn input(A0);

int main() {
    uint16_t samples[1024];

    for(int i=0; i<1024; i++) {
        samples[i] = input.read_u16();
        wait(0.001f);
    }

    printf("Results:\n");
    for(int i=0; i<1024; i++) {
        printf("%d, 0x%04X\n", i, samples[i]);
    }
}   

Example three

The example below shows a visual volt meter using LEDs.

 


#include "mbed.h"

AnalogIn ain(A0);
DigitalOut led1(LED1);
DigitalOut led2(LED2);
DigitalOut led3(LED3);
DigitalOut led4(LED4);

int main() {
    while (1){
        led1 = (ain > 0.2f) ? 1 : 0;
        led2 = (ain > 0.4f) ? 1 : 0;
        led3 = (ain > 0.6f) ? 1 : 0;
        led4 = (ain > 0.8f) ? 1 : 0;
    }
}